ADHD Full Form
ADHD Full Form
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is suspected to be caused by and exhibits a wide range of phenotypic manifestations due to both common and unusual genetic variations. Children with a family history of ADHD or a comparable phenotype are more likely to be born prematurely, have a low birth weight, or be exposed to adversity.
Approximately 1-3 percent of children are affected with ADHD. Extremely high rates of co-occurring with a variety of mental health disorders, as well as developmental and learning difficulties. ADHD is highly heritable, despite the fact that there is no one risk factor for the disorder and that factors outside the family also contribute to its development. Involved genetic and environmental risk factors appear to be linked to neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric effects beyond only ADHD.
ADHD is influenced by a multitude of genes, non-inherited variables, and their interactions, just like other common medical and mental illnesses (such as schizophrenia and asthma). 5 Exposure to a risk factor may not necessarily lead to the development of ADHD due to the disorder’s many causes. This means that a certain risk factor is present not only in some but also in all healthy people. It is also possible that the risk factors that lead to the onset of ADHD are different from the risk factors that affect the development and manifestation of the illness.
Another layer of complication is introduced by the fact that genetic and environmental factors can interact to cause indirect risk effects. Changes in sensitivity to environmental risks can result from interactions between genes and the environment, such as those produced by pollution or psychological stress. The probability of being exposed to certain environmental threats can also be affected by genetic factors. This implies that it is impossible to disentangle the effects of genetic and environmental influences.
Causes And Effects
Many children may find it difficult to wait their turn, focus on what’s being said, refrain from fidgeting, and control their impulses. Hyperactivity, impulsivity, disorganization, and/or inattention in children who meet diagnostic criteria for ADHD are significantly more severe than would be expected for their age or developmental level. These symptoms cause significant distress and disruptions in daily life at home, in the classroom, on the job, and in social relationships. The observed symptoms cannot be attributed to a lack of cognitive ability, disobedience, or an inability to follow instructions.
The three most common types of ADHD are:
Distracted delivery is the norm.
Typically manifests as a state of restlessness or impulsiveness.
In order to make a diagnosis, it is necessary to have symptoms that have persisted for at least six months. While adults are increasingly being diagnosed with ADHD, the disorder typically presents itself in young children. The person must have begun experiencing these symptoms before the age of 12 and they must have been unpleasant in more than one place. For instance, you may see the signs in a different room in your house.
ADHD in Adults
Many children diagnosed with ADHD will still meet diagnostic criteria as they get older, and some may develop impairments that necessitate ongoing treatment even as they become older (Pliszka, 2007). However, sometimes a diagnosis of ADHD in a youngster is missed. Adults with ADHD often fail to recognize their condition. Examinations often include a medical history and physical, symptom history review, and the use of adult rating scales or checklists.
Treatment options for adults with ADHD include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of the two. Relative support and behavior control strategies, such as eliminating distractions and increasing structure and organization, may be useful.
Both the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 classify ADHD as a disability. Therefore, groups that receive funding from the federal government are prohibited from treating people with impairments unfairly. Workers who are impaired by ADHD symptoms may be entitled to ADA-mandated reasonable accommodations.